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Weight Loss with Mini Gastric By-Pass Treatment

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Mini gastric bypass is a surgical procedure used to treat obesity. In this method, the stomach is divided into a small bag and connected to the small intestine below. This reduces the volume of the stomach and provides less eating capacity. At the same time, absorption in the intestine is reduced and calorie intake is reduced. This surgery is used as an effective option for the treatment of obesity and type 2 diabetes.

Mini gastric bypass, which has gained popularity in obesity surgery in recent years, differs from full gastric bypass in its methods. The main difference between it and full gastric bypass is that less intestinal diversion is performed during the operation and in addition to this, the overall operation time is shorter. In this procedure, which includes gastric bypass and some stages of sleeve gastrectomy, a long gastric pouch is created. This gastric pouch is then combined with a piece of small intestine. Mini gastric bypass, one of the most common surgeries in bariatric surgery, is used to treat diseases such as high blood pressure and high cholesterol due to overweight. Moreover, this surgery can also be applied to patients who have previously undergone sleeve gastrectomy or gastric banding operations but have not experienced any weight loss.

What is Mini Gastric By-Pass?

Mini gastric by-pass is an effective method applied in the treatment of obesity. This method, which aims to help the patient lose weight in a controlled manner, is also helpful in preventing diseases caused by excess weight. The small intestines are partially directed to the stomach, which is divided into pouches. This helps to encourage weight loss by helping to limit the amount of calories the patient can consume in a single meal and the amount of calories that can be absorbed by the body during digestion.

Who Can Have Mini Gastric By-Pass?

Patients with a body mass index of 35 and above and metabolic syndrome are eligible for mini gastric by-pass surgery.

What are the Advantages of Mini Gastric By-Pass Surgery?

The surgery is performed laparoscopically. Thanks to this method, the wounds heal easily and the patient can return to his routine life in a short time.

Benefits of Mini Gastric By-Pass Compared to Gastric By-Pass Surgery
Mini gastric by-pass is a surgery in which similar steps are taken as with standard gastric by-pass. However, the operation time of mini gastric bypass surgery is shorter and the intestines are redirected less with this surgery.

Preoperative and Postoperative Period

It is extremely important for the patient to undergo certain preparations before mini gastric by-pass surgery in order to achieve success in the long term. These stages are as follows:

Preoperative period: The doctor makes a preliminary interview with the patient and requests the necessary tests. With these tests, the physical and mental condition of the person is analyzed in detail in terms of suitability for surgery. The patient is then referred to a dietician and the dietician determines the diet programs to be applied in the pre/postoperative periods. The dietician also performs detailed body analysis and takes body measurements. After these procedures, the patient’s surgery date is determined.

Preparation period for surgery: It is important that the patient follows the list given by the dietitian with great precision during this period. In addition, light exercise or walking should be done daily until the day of surgery. A preparation in this routine is important for the surgery to be successful. Patients who smoke should quit at least 10 days in advance. It is also important that the patient informs the doctor about the medications he/she uses regularly.

Early postoperative period: After the operation, the patient may experience a feeling of tension or pain due to the swelling in the abdomen. However, this will gradually decrease in the following hours. 6 hours after the operation, the patient should walk without exerting himself/herself too much. These walking routines can be adjusted to every 2 hours. The patient is encouraged to do lung exercises by taking deep breaths 3-5 times an hour. On the 2nd day of the operation, the patient is started to be given liquid food. After an uneventful process, the patient is discharged on the 3rd day.